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  • Salvatore Fuda

Lake Trasimeno the Blue Lake of Umbria

Lake Trasimeno is one of the largest in central Italy, immediately after Lake Como. It is scarcely deep and is therefore a laminar lake. It is part of the province of Perugia and the Umbria Region. This lake is famous throughout Italy as it manages to stand out for its beauty and its peculiarity. It extends towards the Val di Chiana, while in the north-west part it interfaces on the border between the province of Perugia and those of Siena and Arezzo. The lake, which arose from tectonic phenomena due to the Apennine orogenesis, does not have a natural emissary, in fact the excess water is usually made to flow into the Nestore river.


The lake, which is located in an extensive tectonic valley, takes its name from the tragic love story between Trasimeno, son of Tirreno, dragged to the bottom of the lake by the nymph Agilla (or Agille) in love with him.


Discovering Lake Trasimeno


Lake Trasimeno is characterized by its particular fauna and fish fauna, but also by the presence of islands. As for its fauna it must be said that you can find numerous mammals such as fox, porcupine, wild boar and shrew but also a consistent fish fauna, such as the presence of carp, bleak, crucian carp, perch, trout , eels and king perch. There are seven species of amphibians within the lake that have been studied until 2005. In Lake Trasimeno there are also three main islands, namely Isola Maggiore, the smaller island and Polvese.


The Polvese island is located in the southern part and is the largest island and is an educational science park to promote environmental experimentation.

Then there is the Maggiore island, the only one inhabited by 18 people.

Then there is the smaller island which instead has a comma shape, really very small, covered with holm oaks, pines and hosts a colony of cormorants.


The main towns that overlook the shores of the lake are San Feliciano, Monte del Lago, Borghetto, Passignano sul Trasimeno, Tuoro del Trasimeno, Torricella, Castiglione del Lago, Sant’Arcangelo San Savino and Panicarola.




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